4.3 ENGLISH

Area of Article : ALL

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PUNE RESEARCH - An International Journal in English (ISSN 2454-3454) JIF 3.02

Editor-in-Chief

ABSTRACT

PUNE RESEARCH  

AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL IN ENGLISH

( ISSN 2454  -  3454  ONLINE ) (JIF 3.02)

 VOLUME 4 , ISSUE - 3  ( MAY-JUNE  2018 )

4.3.1 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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ECO-FEMINISM IN BARBARA KINGSOLVER’S PRODIGAL SUMMER

DR. S. Y. HONGEKAR

ABSTRACT

Barbara Kingsolver   is an American novelist, essayist and poet. She is also a freelance journalist and political activist.  Her work often focuses on topics such as social justice, biodiversity and the interaction between humans and their communities and environments. Kingsolver was born in Annapolis, Maryland, in 1955 and grew up in   Carlisle, Kentucky. Kingsolver's literary subjects are varied, but she often writes about places and situations with which she is familiar; many of her stories are based in places she has lived in, such as central Africa and Arizona. Feminism is a philosophy advocating equal economic, political, and social rights and opportunities for women. Eco-feminism as a social, political and academic movement focuses on the oppression of women and the exploitation of nature as being interconnected. It asserts the fundamental interconnectedness of all life. The novel focuses on environmental challenges like climate change, animal/species extinction and loss of biodiversity, use of pesticides etc. and the female protagonists’ ‘struggle with patriarchal system in society. Eco-feminism basically studies the interconnection of feminist and ecological issues, such as misogyny and deforestation in third world countries.  Ecological and Feminist issues do in fact overlap quite often; both are results of a male-dominant (or patriarchal) society.

Keywords: Eco-feminism, Barbara Kingsolver, Prodigal Summer 

4.3.2 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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INDIAN NOVELS IN ENGLISH: THE RISE AND POPULARITY

ANURAG PANDEY

ABSTRACT

Indian novels in English have generated a considerable amount of interest both in India and in English-speaking countries, particularly during India’s post-liberalization period since 1991. For India, this period has seen unparalleled consumption of global goods and exposure to international media, and has resulted in Indian writers writing in English (including writers of Indian origin) catching the attention of the Western world like never before. The nineteen nineties proved a significant period for the Indian novel written in English. This period saw some of the writers making a successful debut in creative writing as novelists and winning prestigious international award like Booker Prize and commonwealth Writers Prize. This period witnessed further consolidation of the ground won by the novel at the cost of other genres. More than the eighties, it is in the nineties that readers and critics paid their undivided attention to the Indian novel written in English. Referring to this Nanavati and Kar remark:“It is perhaps the only form of writing that instantly acquires a world-wide visibility as it is created” (14). Not only in India but all over the world, the novel is more read, more appreciated and even more marketed than poetry, “its traditional rival”. Significantly enough, at various conferences of Indian Association for Studies in Contemporary Literature, held in various universities of India, the majority of papers submitted were about the Indian English novel, especially the novel in the nineties. 

4.3.3 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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BALI: THE SACRIFICE: UNDERSTANDING THE NATURE OF VIOLENCE

DR. SHAILAJA B. WADIKAR

ABSTRACT

The first version of Bali: The Sacrifice was published in Kannada under the title– Hittina Hunja in1980 and was performed in both Kannada and Hindi. However, Karnad rendited the play in English, when he was commissioned by the Leicester Haymarket Theatre, England to write for them. This English version was performed at the theatre in 2002 and was published in 2004 along with The Dreams of Tipu Sultan by the OUP.   

4.3.4 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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MADMAN OR A MACHIAVELLIAN? A SCHEMATIC ANALYSIS OF TUGHLAQ IN GIRISH KARNAD’S TUGHLAQ

S. MANOJ

ABSTRACT

This research paper lays its eyes on Girish Karnad’s most-spoken-about character Tughlaq. The paper revolves around the character of Tughlaq who keeps his subjects, subordinates and foes alike guessing with his shift in temperament. His Machiavellian and sometimes eccentric qualities are also kept under the scanner in this research work. This article brings out instances where Tughlaq is at the top of his game making people around him go crazy with his not so stable mannerisms.    

Keywords: Tughlaq, Machiavellian, Idealism, Madness, Indian Literature, Girish Karnad.

4.3.5 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LANGUAGE

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M-LEARNING: PRACTICING WHATSAPP IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING

DR. GAJANAN P. PATIL

ABSTRACT

Presently, electronic communication has been the most popular and accessible form adopted by almost all the students across the globe and especially in many developing countries. Today, mobile phone has been turned to be the friendliest tool for all the users. Social networking sites have appeared to be the most widely accessed and practiced medium in forming communication. The mobile phone device has invited larger attention of the second language learners. WhatsApp, being the widely popular social networking site has marked a dynamic state and has also invited attention of the researchers, educationists, and language practitioners to strategically adopt it to make teaching-learning process more flexible and accessible to learn foreign language. Recently studies have proved and underlined the significance of social media related mobile application WhatsApp and its very utility in English language learning classroom. WhatsApp, as the study highlights, appears as a parallel system to a learner in the form of availing foreign language learning conditions. The research paper focuses on how WhatsApp as an m-learning i.e. mobile based feature can prove its unique impression in and outside the classroom. It also appeals the stakeholders the need to explore the impact of the application on the users and thereby apprehend the timely demand to make teaching and learning process more functional and practice oriented. 

Keywords: Social networking, WhatsApp, mobile application, m-learning, researchers, educationists, teaching-learning,  flexible, 

4.3.6 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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PRODUCING OTHERS IN SELECT TRAVEL WRITINGS OF PRATIBHA RAY

SUPRIYA SUBHADARSINI SAHOO

ABSTRACT

This paper broadly focuses on the question regarding what does it mean to be a cosmopolitan travel writer? The term ‘traveller’ offers a positive and independent model of selfhood (Thubron 58). Michael Kowalewski argues, post-war travel writers have an “enriched sense of diversity and complexity of other cultures” and the post-touristic recognition of plurality calls “our collective ability to represent foreign people” into question (Kowalewski 10) and demands new approaches. The post-tourist turn to travel writing demonstrates heightened awareness of the politics of writing about another place and culture and of the problems inherent in representing the voices of the people encountered (Thompson 243). In this context Debbie Lisle argues that the cosmopolitan travel writers place cultural difference on a plane of equivalence - they locate, administer and celebrate difference within an accepted global order (Lisle 87). The present article explores the process of producing the other in Pratibha Ray’s Africa Nayika Nila Nadi (Africa’s Heroine the Nile River) and Swapnara Alaska (Dreamy Alaska).

Key Words: cosmopolitan travel writer, individuality, self-hood, othering.

4.3.7 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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TROPE OF POSTCOLONIALITY IN SALMAN RUSHDIE’S MIDNIGHT CHILDREN

DR. S. KARTHIK KUMAR & MUZAFAR AHMAD BHAT

ABSTRACT

Midnight’s Children’s magic realist format, deftly used by South American authors such as Miguel Angel Asturias, Alejo Carpentier and Gabriel Garcia Marquez, added a fresh generic momentum to the pallid fiction of the subcontinent. Revealingly, Rushdie pioneered a technique of forging an assortment of perspectives on the nation and interweaving multiple strands of its history, subverting the official versions. With his remarkable feat of melding postmodern techniques and postnational perspectives in his narratives, Rushdie stands out prominently in postcolonial literature – becoming perhaps the only lens through which the new crop of post-imperial subcontinental fiction is viewed. 

Keywords: Postcolonial, magic realism, postmodern, postnational, decent ring, history, subcontinent. 

4.3.8 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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IMPLICATION OF PROVERBS AS A TOOL OF CULTURAL IDENTITY IN CHINUA ACHEBE’S THINGS FALL APART

RAJESH G. MASKE

ABSTRACT

This research paper attempts to explore Chinua Achebe’s use of Igbo proverbs and idioms as a dynamic cultural tool to glorify the tarnished and neglected pristine African Culture. Proverbs are a natural part of the speech of all cultures and traditional societies. They contain the wisdom of the past generation. They are the gift to the future generation to lead the life wisely. They are of philosophical and moral nature. They are conveyed in a few words but in a forceful ways. They are the accumulation of observation of human beings, animals, plants, natural phenomena, folklore, values, perceptions, thoughts and feelings of society. Chinua Achebe, a renowned African writer has made prolific use of proverbs and popular adages in his novels than any other African novelist. His novels are woven around the Igbo culture and Igbo art. “Among the Ibo the art of conversation is regarded very highly, and proverbs are the palm- oil with which words are eaten.” (TFA-6)  According to Igbos, a good speaker is he who uses traditional proverbs with skill and wisdom. Indeed, for the Igbos the core of conversation is the appropriate use of proverbs.  These proverbs contain truth, consolations and a frame of reference for a whole people. They also reflect the good and the lean time through which their societies have passed.

Keywords:  Implication, Culture, proverb, Igbo, Clan.

4.3.9 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LANGUAGE

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APPLICATION OF ROLE PLAY IN TEACHING BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE

KISHOR R. THAKARE

ABSTRACT

As a teacher of English from a technical institute, belongs to rural region finds role play or situational dialogue productive, entertaining and interesting activity to teach writing business letters at the level of third year engineering. After learning the basic corpus of sentences, formal vocabulary and format of business letters, the major part of situation, context and case comprehension remains.  For this, researcher finds that the cultivation of one's imagination and skill of giving embodiment to the same is the most important task. 

Key Words: Role play, productive, entertaining and interesting, situation, business letters, context and case, imagination.

4.3.10 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LANGUAGE

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A STUDY DEVELOPING SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING SKILLS AND LEARNER AUTONOMY THROUGH WEBLOG

DR. AGNEL I. ROY

ABSTRACT

Self-directed learning (SDL) is a method of instruction used increasingly in adult education within tertiary instructions. Self-directed learning can be defined in terms of the amount of responsibility the learner accepts for his or her own learning. The self-directed learning takes control and accepts the freedom to learn what they view as important for themselves. The degree of control the learner is willing to take over their own learning will depend on their attitude, abilities and personality characteristics.

4.3.11 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LANGUAGE

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THE ORAL APPROACH AND SITUATIONAL LANGUAGE TEACHING

D. JAYALASKHMI & DR. V. PERUVALLUTHI

ABSTRACT

Language teaching came as a profession in the twentieth century. The method concept in teaching practices based on a particular theory of language. The method of teaching practices provides a more effective teaching to the students. Language as a vehicle for the realization of interpersonal relations and the social transactions between individuals. Language is seen as a tool for the creation and maintenance of social relations. The theory of language underlying the oral and Situational Language Teaching can be characterized as a type of British “structuralism”. Speech is regarded as the basis of language, and structure is viewed as being at the heart of speaking ability.

4.3.12 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LANGUAGE

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THE IMPORTANCE OF EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION SKILLS

DR. G. VENUGOPAL

ABSTRACT

Language is one of the basic means of communication. It is the best mode of self-expression and building of sound relationships with others. It is one of the most powerful reflections of how we think and feel about ourselves and others. It is through effective communication, we can go for a vast impact. It is one of the steps forward for improving communication skills. The present paper deals with the importance of effective communication. It is effective communication that leads a person towards success. If we observe keenly, it can be personal, social, professional or national. Poor communication makes us to face lots of problems. Concerning all these aspects and the importance of communication, the present paper discusses the following aspects: The Communication Process, Barriers of Effective Communication, Steps to be taken for Enhancing Communication Skills and Importance of Feedback.

4.3.13 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LANGUAGE

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ENHANCING LEARNING ABILITIES WITH A WEAPON OF HUMOUR AMONG THE PUPILS

YESUPAKU DINESH

ABSTRACT

Humour is an educational setting, it results the variety of positive functions for making people laugh and it builds group cohesion (among the students of the class). Wherever humour is occurring then most of the pupils will respond positively to learn the subject matter of the class. Humour is sometimes inappropriate for teachers to target the students by making fun of their ignorance and beliefs, but it is appropriate thing.  There are some ways of humour they listed in a comprehensive related funny stories (related to subject matter), class materials, humorous comments, puns, riddles, jokes, and audio visual aids etc...Using too much humour, aggressive humour disparaging students as well as damages the credibility of the class. Humour improves the exam score because teacher could have taught the grammar, literature (all the parts of it) and communication skills etc… which helps there for their career development. Some time humour makes stress relief of disturbed and stressed students of the class. Must Provide humour examples and tasks for creating interest in the minds of the pupils or play into the language classroom.

Key Words: Humour, positive response, literature, communication skills, traits.

4.3.14 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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SPARTACUS: THE VOICE OF PROTEST

DR. SHAILAJA B. WADIKAR

ABSTRACT

The whole play revolves round five actions, that is, capturing of the people, selling of these captives in the market, slaves toiling, gladiator-slaves fighting in the arena, and crucifixion of the slaves for the act of rebellion. Instead of dialogues, cries, shouts and noises were used in these scenes. It is the first play, where Sircar has used human body to develop the action of the play. However, for this experiment, a lot of training, practice, and patience were devoted by the team. The members responded positively to the call of the group-leader. The hard work on the part of both the director and the members ultimately leads to the creation of the epoch-making play, a milestone in Sircar’s canon. The play Spartacus deals with the story of the Roman slave revolt in 71 B.C. It is based on the novel with the same title by Howard Fast one of Sircar’s favourite books. He has a desire to dramatise it and could do it only with his shift from the conventional to the Third Theatre.

4.3.15 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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LONELINESS AND YEARNING FOR COMPANY IN RABINDRANATH TAGORE’S THE POSTMASTER

S. MANOJ

ABSTRACT

This research paper studies loneliness in the characters presented in Rabindranath Tagore’s The Postmaster. It draws instances from the short story to cite how loneliness plays a major role in the lives of its central characters. The research paper also explores how expectations always end in dismay with reference to the short story of Rabindranath Tagore.   

Keywords: Indian literature, Isolation, Loneliness, Love, Family, Rabindranath Tagore. 

4.3.16 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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GENDER POLITICS AND SEXUALITY IN THE GOD OF SMALL THINGS

DR. KIRTIKA SINGH

ABSTRACT

Arundhati Roy’s debut novel The God of Small Things tries to bring out the ‘utopian’ possibilities of eroticism and sexual experience, especially where this experience is socially impermissible. In doing so, she analyses the politics of desire which germinate in the private sensitive realm of personal sexual relations, are not disassociated from the world of public politics. The God of Small Things have protagonists who are ready to break the social laws and die for desire, for love Ammu of the earlier generation slings across caste/class divisions to engage an erotic desire for the  untouchable carpenter, the ‘God of Small Things’ , Velutha Ammu’s resolute dedication to her ‘deadly attraction’ for the untouchable Velutha as lacking the true grit that her character had promised—true grit being tantamount to the truly political in a sphere outside of the personal Velutha, though fostering anti caste/ class inhalations in love/ desire, is seen as a more fully committed political being because of  his involvement in the communist uprisings in the state. The politics of Ammu’s perspective—and therefore perhaps her less ‘intricate’ choices—in terms of her gender, is largely ignored.

Keywords:  gender, transgression, desire, and eroticism. 

4.3.17 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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MARXIAN AESTHETICS OF DISPLACEMENT IN THOMAS PYNCHON’S AGAINST THE DAY

DR. S. KARTHIK KUMAR & MUZAFAR AHMAD BHAT

ABSTRACT

Loosely set in the years from the end of the nineteenth century until after the first world war, Against the Day can be tentatively broken up into four relatively major strands (Clute, 2006): First, the “Airshop Boys Cluster”: seems to be somewhat framed by a bunch of youthful adventurer balloonists called the “Chums of Chance” that keep resurfacing, moving around the globe on missions that are recorded and published in a series of adventure books, all the while being steered and controlled by a mysterious “Organization” (with capital “O”). Second, the “Western Revenge Cluster”: One Webb Traverse, a mine foreman whose secret anarchist habit is blowing up the capitalist tycoons’ power lines and railroad bridges, is killed by guns the particular tycoon he is working for – fittingly named Scarsdale Vibe – has hired. Vibe comes across as an almost comic book plutocrat who is busy exploiting the US immigrant underclasses, buying off scientists and state officials and hiring mercenaries to win the war against a growing anarchist resistance.

Key words: politics, alienation, society, commodity, capitalism, organisational politics, anarchist resistance.

4.3.18 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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JOURNALISM AND COLUMN WRITING IN INDIA AND THE CONTRIBUTION OF KHUSHWANT SINGH AS A COLUMNIST

SONAJI B. RAJPUT

ABSTRACT

The rise of column writing supported the leaders to voice against the system in the beginning but with the demand of time, the objectives of column writing keeps changing. In the context of India, column writing echoed radical social reforms in the later part of 19th century whereas the same field served different purpose in 20th century. Khushwant Singh, who is known as the maverick journalist has marked a different benchmark in the field of journalism. He made people to wait for newspapers to read the columns only. In this paper, genuine effort has been made to highlight the rise of journalism in India and to mention the contribution of Khushwant Singh as a columnist.

Key Words: Journalism, Column writing, Opinion, Issues

4.3.19 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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ELEMENTS OF HORROR AND TERROR IN THE STORIES OF BOND

SHAMEEM QUADER & HEMENDRA SINGH CHANDALIA

ABSTRACT

In today's fast paced era of technological innovation and scientific intentions and discovery, dwelling upon the paranormal activities that results into horror sensation and scary feelings appears a bit unusual kind of task as to whether people in general are readily available to accommodate their open minds full of latest updates of world's smartest gadgets with those supernatural, mysterious and eerie kind of elements. It all seems credible when we come across Ruskin Bond's sharing his own experience of seeing the apparition of his late father-Aubrey Bond. Bond’s selected stories replete with elements of terror have undoubtedly been successful in drawing his peruses from that beautiful ambience of oak and pine and cedar to the mysterious woods witnessing the frightening environment full of creepy horrifying surroundings. Bond has given a realistic touch to the description of the scenario making the readers awestruck and his quality of making unbelievable a believable one made him the Connoisseur of the mysterious and macabre.

Keywords: horror sensation, supernatural, mysterious, eerie elements of terror, creepy horrifying surroundings.