2.3 TIMES

Area of Article : ALL

Article Image

PUNE RESEARCH TIMES - (ISSN 2456-0960) (JIF 2.07)

Editor-in-Chief

ABSTRACT

PUNE RESEARCH TIMES 

AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY STUDIES  

(ISSN 2456-0960) (JIF 2.07)

VOLUME 2; ISSUE 3  (JULY to SEPT 2017)

2.3.1 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

POSTCOLONIALISM AND POSTMODERNISM: DECONSTRUCTING THE EUROCENTRISM

DR. KAPTAN SINGH

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the researcher looks the possibilities of cross stream relations between postmodern philosophy and postcolonial theory. The critical attitude of postmodernism helps to ground the intellectual revolutions against the imperialistic vision of colonialism. It critiques the power of knowledge to deconstruct the European imperialism and Eurocentric epistemology. In the present paper, the researcher has applied the qualitative and interpretive methodology. Moreover, the text focused working method is used to interpret the works of Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Jean-Francois Lyotard, the leading strategists of the postmodern age. It is found that they set the direction of the movement and enriched it against the reason, truth and knowledge oriented approaches of modernism. In cognizance of this, the texts of the intellectuals of third world countries; Edward Said, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Homi K. Bhabha, Chinua Achebe etc., are analysed here as corresponding to the voice of the post-modern vanguards. They, in line with postmodern thinkers, questioned the Eurocentric approaches of colonial empire. Postcolonialism, in response to the colonial version of reason and reality, claims that in the name of so-called ‘reason, truth and knowledge' western civilization has always wrought its superiority on Asian and African countries. A succinct study of postcolonial and postmodern thinkers reveals that the truth represented by the colonial body of text is one way of thinking. Therefore, metaphysically they challenged the power of knowledge and believe that it was a colonial strategy to propagate an imperialistic reality to impose the superiority of Caucasian culture over the Asiatic and Africans. While, concurrently, epistemologically they criticize reason and also emphasize on the subjective version of reality and repudiate the Eurocentric notion of objective reality. They disregard the objective reality which western authorities used to colonize the thoughts and the ideas of the native people. 

2.3.2 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

ENDURANCE OF PAIN AND SUFFERINGS OF HOLOCAUST IN ELIE WIESEL’S NIGHT

R. V. SIVARAMAN & DR. J. UMA SAMUNDEESWARI

ABSTRACT

Beliefs and values of a person transforms when death waits at every waking moment. In Elie Wiesel's memoir, “Night”, Wiesel finds ways from his companions and morals to survive the Holocaust. It is expected that the Holocaust survivors would lose faith in God, their determination to go on living, and their reliance in others because of the horrific experiences that they faced day to day. But Elie Wiesel on the other hand, endured the sufferings in the concentration camp. It is explicable that men in concentration camp would question their faith in God while they were to face death either in the gas chamber or in a revolver head. A person would question living when he sees the demise of loved ones and fellow Jews right before his eyes. When starting to give up on all hope of life and God, it would be anticipated that one would no longer trust others, especially when they are fighting each other for their own survival. Contradictory to this, Elie Wiesel stood strong as much as he could. Night illustrates the values in human ties even during the anguish of the reprehensible treatment that the Jews received every day.

Key words: Jewish, Holocaust, Culture, War, Relationship, Values, Sufferings, Identity

2.3.3 TIMES

Area of Article : LANGUAGE TEACHING

Article Image

A THEORETICAL STUDY ON THE THEORIES AND APPROACHES USED IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING

R. VANITHA

ABSTRACT

In India, English Language Teaching (ELT) has a notable history and features than any other colonial country in the world. ELT practitioners of India have tried possibly all the Approaches, Theories and Methods for the benefit of the learner and successful language teaching.  And it is also worth saying that these approaches and methods were tried in teaching English as a Second Language.  Now a days, ELT has changed it colour of teaching by teaching English as a Foreign Language because of education and job opportunities in foreign countries.  This paper presents the Approaches and Theories of ELT in detail and discus the features simultaneously. 

Key words :  Approaches, Theories, ELT.

2.3.4 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

BLACK WOMAN’S AND DALIT WOMAN’S DISAPPOINTMENT TOWARDS PATRIARCHY

NARAYAN L. JADHAV

ABSTRACT

In the Manusmruti woman is supposed to be very filthy human being. Status of woman and the Shudra is considered alike. For the Manusmruti throughout her life woman should be under the control of man. In childhood, she must be under the domination of father, in youth under the domination of her husband and in old under the domination of her sons. It means, woman lives under the domination of man. Manu supposed woman as a prostitute. For the Manusmruti, a woman must obey her father, husband, and son. Even the man has no quality of human being; the woman is bound to follow his instructions throughout the life.

Key words: domination, exploitation, segregation, oblique, heterosexuality, horror and fear

2.3.6 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

SAROJINI NAIDU—A GREAT INDIAN POETESS

SHOWKAT HUSSAIN DAR

ABSTRACT

Besides being a politician, Sarojini Naidu was an activist, freedom lover, politician and above all a poetess. She is known to us as the “Nightingale of India”. She was the first woman Governor of an Indian state after freedom. Her collection of poems earned her a permanent literary place in Indian English poetry. Sarojini’s first published first book was a collection of poems, called "Golden Threshold". Thereafter, she also published two other collections called "The Bird of Time", and "The Broken Wings", both of which attracted readers across the globe. Apart from her role and contribution to the Indian freedom struggle, Sarojini is also respected for her contribution in the field of Indian poetry. She got inspiration from nature as well as traditional values of India.

2.3.7 TIMES

Area of Article : CINEMA

Article Image

CONTEMPORARY CINEMA AND MEERABAI: A STUDY OF GULZAR’S MEERA (1979)

JIGYASA HASIJA

ABSTRACT

The article attempts to take a close look at the relationship between tradition and modernity in the present context of commercial transformation of Indian visual culture and media, more specifically, the genre of the movies. Tradition gives us a perceptiveness to observe the past that contributed to the present, and to examine how it affects future developments. At times, India has shown an edifying rift between those who saw tradition as a fortress of conflict, and those who saw it as an impediment to modernising Indian culture. Tradition has never existed on its own concurrence; it has always incorporated and nurtured. In this context, it thus becomes imperative to comprehend the social ground within which formatting breathes, to understand the role of formatting itself. This work will be an effort at examining the link between the devotional songs and gender of the famous woman-Saint, Meerabai of Rajasthan, as represented in the popular 1979 movie titled Meera directed by Gulzar. The analysis will focus on the songs excerpted from the film, as well as relate them to the popular bhajan tradition of the Saint Meerabai. By the contextual placement of the songs, the director invites the viewers to read in-meanings that may undermine those of other performance contexts, while at the same time profit from the songs’ popular enticement. 

2.3.8 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

HISTORICAL HERO IN BERYL BAINBRIDGE’S EVERY MAN FOR HIMSELF

NILESH S. PANDHARE

ABSTRACT

This research article aims to diagnose the case of historical hero in the case of Morgan who is the principal character of Beryl Bainbridge’s Every Man for Himself. The concept of historical hero1 is drawn from George Lukács book The Historical Novel (1962). Here, the present research article shall examine the hero of the novel, Morgan in respect of broad parameters of the historical hero drawn from George Lukács’ book The Historical Novel. This research article also attempts to verify the drawn criteria’s and qualities of historical figure or say hero in respect of Morgan. The novel principally renders the plot of tragic April night in 1912, when world's greatest luxury liner, R.M.S. Titanic sank with 1500 people. As a popular imagination, the sinking of the Titanic holds a prime place in the novel. It is an example of man’s hubris2 in the face of the power of nature. This paper argues that the characteristics of the historical heroes are fore grounded in the novel through the principal narrator and character of the novel, J. P. Morgan.

Keywords: Hubris, historical novel, historical hero, deux machina, middle-of- the road-hero.

2.3.9 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

POSTMODERN DETERMINISM AND JERZY KOSINSKI’S NOVEL PINBALL

DR.S. KARTHIK KUMAR & MUZAFFAR MAQSOOD

ABSTRACT

Dissociative identity disorder or alter ego which means ‘the other’ explains exactly what modern man widely suffers. Modern man realizes that the floor on which he stands is about to collapse down and under which there is nothing but darkness and madness. Therefore he creates an apollonian world that veils Dionysian pit. He disguises himself in other identities, other characters, which he creates, not to cease to exist. When his apollonian world collapses, modern man is aware of what is broken is not the mirror but his fragmented ‘self’. This study aims to reveal the Dionysian madness of Domostroy behind the mirror analyzing the lives of the characters in  Jerzy Kosinski with the help of various terms. Moreover the title ‘Pinball’ is a nice metaphor for the events in the lives of the characters in the novel bouncing and reversing identities and partners like a ball in a machine. He doesn't hit it on the head too hard or lean on it more than it's able to support, and it works.

Keywords: Detective, fiction, postmodern, self, masks, postmodern deculture, determinism.

2.3.10 TIMES

Area of Article : MANAGEMENT

Article Image

ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING AND SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING IN RELATION TO INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (IFRS/IAS)

SUNITHA S.

ABSTRACT

This research paper makes a critical appraisal of the contemporary environmental accounting literature and examines the applicable and relevant paragraphs of the global financial reporting standards (IFRS). Present paper is also an attempt to find out various provisions of IAS/IFRS which deals directly and indirectly with environmental disclosures. The relevant paragraphs for environmental accounting have been analyzed in relation to the environmental financial reporting. 

2.3.11 TIMES

Area of Article : COMMERCE

Article Image

WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN INDIA CHALLENGES AND MEASURES

DR. SUBHASH. K. ZINJURDE

ABSTRACT

In the era of Liberalization, Globalization and Privatization along with growing IT revolution, today's world is changing at a surprising pace. Political and Economic transformation appear to be taking place everywhere as countries convert from command to demand economics, dictatorship move towards democratic system. This changes have created economic opportunities for women who want to do own operate business. Today woman entrepreneurs represent group of woman who have broken away from the beaten track and exploring new avenues of economic participation. In this dynamic world women entrepreneur are significant part of global expedition for sustained economic development and social progress. This paper focuses on the concept of woman entrepreneurship in India, traits in business, the problems they are faced by set up and make some suggestions for future prospects for development of woman entrepreneurs.                                                                                

Keywords Liberalization, Globalization, Privatization, Transformation, Entrepreneur.

2.3.12 TIMES

Area of Article : EDUCATION

Article Image

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LEADERSHIP STYLE INTENDED FOR SCHOOL DEVELOPMENT

MANISH KUMAR & DR. VIRENDER

ABSTRACT

The focalobjective of this study is to determine the relationship between leadership practices of principals and school efficacy and to compare the leadership practices of male and female principal for school improvement at secondary level in Haryana. It was conducted on a stratified random sample of 108 principal and 216 secondary school teachers working in the government secondary schools of Haryanastate. Data was collected through three sources One, from Education Management Information System (EMIS) of Ministry of Education Gov. of Haryana.Two, annual results of stander 10thstudents of Board of School Education Haryana (BSEH) and Three,a questionnaire containing biographical information and 66 items at five-point rating scale. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire was ensured through experts’ opinions and pilot testing in the field; the overall reliability was established at 0.901 αlevels. Findings of the study revealed a significant positive correlation between leadership practices of principal and school effectiveness. Democratic leadership practices have more positive strong correlation with school effectiveness than authoritative leadership practices. Female principal.

Keywords: Effective leadership, Leadership style, School development, Secondary schools, Gender differences, Haryana

2.3.13 TIMES

Area of Article : MANAGEMENT

Article Image

A STUDY ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOR TOWARDS CELL PHONE WITH REFERENCE TO RAMANATHAPURAM DISTRICT

DR. C. K. MUTHUKUMARAN & P. GOWRISANKAR

ABSTRACT

Today the achievement of any firm relies on the purchaser accomplishment. Consumer is king the announcement conveys significant accuracy in it. The organizations should think about the conduct of the buyers for satisfying their purchasers. Purchaser conduct is characterized as the demonstration of devouring or utilizing the administrations. The way of life of current purchaser is changing quickly on account of the changing innovation and development. In these conditions understanding customer is an extremely troublesome task. The investigation of purchaser conduct concentrates on how people settle on their choices to spend their accessible resources on utilization related things or utilization related viewpoints. It is additionally a research of people, associations and the procedures buyers use to seek, select, utilize and administrations, experience, and thoughts to complete and needs and its effect on the shopper and society. The present study is an observational research in light of review strategy through comfort. The gathered information was coded, figured and the assistance of measurable devices is utilized in this analysis.

Keywords: Consumer behavior, mobile phone services, customer satisfaction, consumer preference.

2.3.14 TIMES

Area of Article : MANAGEMENT

Article Image

A STUDY ON PROBLEMS OF CUSTOMER WITH INTERNET BANKING: SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SIVAGANGA DISTRICT

DR. C. K. MUTHUKUMARAN & G. PRASANNA

ABSTRACT

The motivation behind the present examination was to investigate the issues of customers in utilizing the Internet keeping money in Sivaganga District. The analyst conveyed surveys to bank clients in Sivaganga utilizing individual organization performance. Study based survey formation was completed as research outline and adjustment and exploratory method was utilized to choose the respondents. The survey was set up to gather the data required for the investigation. The fitting investigation was conveyed with the assistance of utilizing well known accurate package. The consequences of the examination show that the customers had a considerable measure of issues while utilizing the Internet saving money. This after effect of the investigation will be applicable and noteworthy to the saving money divisions.

Key words: Internet maintenance, Problem of customers,