6.2 TIMES

Area of Article : ALL

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VOL- 6, ISSUE- 2, PUNE RESEARCH TIMES (ISSN 2456-0960) JIF 3.18

Editor-in-Chief

ABSTRACT

PUNE RESEARCH TIMES 

AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY STUDIES  

(ISSN 2456-0960) (JIF 3.18)

VOLUME 6; ISSUE 2    {APR TO JUNE 2021}

6.2.1 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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PRAGMATISM IN ARTHUR MILLER’S ALL MY SONS

DR. GANGA NAND SINGH & SHREYA MANI

ABSTRACT

This study examines the evolution of Realism in the different parts of the world especially in the light of Realism in Arthur Miller’s play All My Sons. Arthur Miller with this play has brought back into the theatre, the drama of social question. His plays belong to the school of social realism which has been enriched by the writers like Henrick Ibsen, John Galsworthy and George Bernard Shaw. Miller is a social dramatist. His plays pragmatically deal with the social themes like the one related to the relationship between the individual and the family or the society and American dream. He deals with the American dream and the social matters in a realistic manner, highlighting the issues of his age.

Keywords:  Realism, Individual, Society, Pragmatism, Theatre, Family, American dream.

6.2.2 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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THEMATIC STRUCTURE OF DR. B. R. AMBEDKAR’S BUDDHA AND HIS DHAMMA

DR. UMESH B. BANSOD

ABSTRACT

Buddha and His Dhamma is an objective and scientific historical text on Buddhism. While speaking about the books, Dr. Ambedkar himself pointed, “books to be examined and tested by the accepted rules of evidence without recognizing any distinction between the sacred and the profane and with the sole object of finding the truth” The format of his book reveals  Dr. Ambedkar’s aim – to create a ‘Bible’ for his people. While writing this book,  the purpose of Dr. Ambedkar was not only to discuss the philosophy of Buddhist religion in a scholarly manner but also to bring out the social implications of the Buddha’s teaching more fully and clearly than anybody else before him.

Keaywords : Buddha and His Dhamma, Thematic structure,

6.2.3 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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QUEST FOR IDENTITY UNDER THE RUBRIC OF MULTI-CULTURAL AND MULTI-ETHNIC BACKGROUND

DR. SMITA RAO DESHMUKH

ABSTRACT

The question of identity is the most controversial issue in postcolonial time and literature. America has traditionally been referred to as a melting pot welcoming people from many different countries races and religions all hoping to find freedom, new opportunities and a better way of life. The main transformation in American literature over the last two or three decades have had a strong effect on poetry as well: the consolidation of African American writers, the emergence of native American, Asian American and Chicano writers as well as gay writers to name but a few. Minority poetry shares the variety and occasionally the anger of women’s writing. Most of this fall under the rubric of multiculturalism, which in its criticism moves in two directions; first to decentralize the literature of mainly white male writers, their literary techniques and political ideology, second to promote the idea of many centers or mainstreams. In this light I would like to analyze selected women poets from various ethnic backgrounds. I have selected each representative poet from Latin American background, Native American Afro American and Asian American ethnic background.

Keywords: Quest of Identity, women poet, ethnic background, multi-culturalism, Multi-ethnic Literature

6.2.4 WORLD

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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WOMEN NOVELISTS IN INDIAN ENGLISH LITERATURE

DR D. RAJANI DEIVASAHAYAM & S. HIMA BINDU

ABSTRACT

Woman has been the focal point of the writers of all ages. On one hand, he glorifies and deifies woman, and on the other hand, he crushes her with an iron hand by presenting her in the image of Sita, the epitome of suffering. In the wake of the changes that have taken place in the society in the post-independence period, many novelists emerged on the scene projecting the multi-faceted aspects of woman. The voice of new Indian woman is heard from 1970s with the emergence of Indian English women novelists like Nayantara Sehgal, Anitha Desai, Kamala Markandaya, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, Arundhati Roy, Shashi Deshpande, Gita Mehta, Bharathi Mukherjee, and Jhumpha Lahiri.. These Feminist writers tried to stamp their authority in a male dominated environment as best as it is possible to them. This paper focuses on the way these women writers present the voice of the Indian woman who was hitherto suppressed by the patriarchal authority. 

Key words: suppression, identity, individuality, resistance, assertion.

6.2.5 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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SIKH ETHOS IN KHUSHWANT SINGH’S HISTORICAL NOVELS

P. KAVITHA & DR. B. VISALAKSHI

ABSTRACT

Khushwant Singh portrayed as the prolific novelist of Indian English Literature. As a Sikh, he concentrated on Sikh ethos. This article focuses an exploration of varied phases of Sikh ehos in the novels Train to Pakistan and I Shall not Here the Nightingale. His Sikh ethos was flourished with his glorious Sikh tradition and ironic vision. He portrayed Sikh consciousness in an interesting way. These two novels were written with a fictional recreation of an intensified experience. Train to Pakistan gives the microscopic picture of the Sikh Punjabis.Mano Majra was a village of Sikhs and Muslims. The novelist has given a criticism of Indian activities and tendenties through Juggat Singh, Iqbal and Hukum Chand. I Shall not Hear the Nightingale centered on the family of Sikh which has two sides of coins. It revolves round a Sikh senior Magistrate, Buta Singh’s family and Hindu Magistrate, Wazir Chand’s family.

Keywords: frontier, Sikh Culture, delineator, deity, grandeur, redemptive and Gurudwara.

6.2.6 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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IN QUEST OF SPACE: NANDA KAUL IN ANITA DESAI’S FIRE ON THE MOUNTAIN

P. MOHANA MOORTHY

ABSTRACT

Universally women have been silenced in history and literature through ages. They have been exploited, oppressed and rendered voiceless. History invariably in all countries and at all times have told ‘His’ story. The scenario started changing with the setting in of the modern period, women began to curve a “space” for themselves, voicing their aspirations, trials and tribulations in the journey of life. They have started to become “visible”, presenting their lived-experiences from their perspectives, replacing the “male gaze”.  This shift has become discernible specially in the post-independence Indian writings. The resistance against patriarchal pressures have found brilliant expression in the regional writings like Adyaja by Indira Goswami. or Mahasweta Devi’s Stanodayini , as also in the works of the Indian authors writing in English . This paper would endeavor to record, how Anita Desai, one of the most celebrated Indian Women Writers in English, in her novel, ‘Fire on the Mountain’, has depicted the silent sufferings of the married women of the affluent Indian urban elites.

Keywords : Feminism, Voiceless, Visible, Male Gaze, Space, Resistance, Urban Elites, Married Women. 

6.2.7 TIMES

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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ANITA DESAI AND FIRE ON THE MOUNTAIN : A WOMAN’S TREATISE ON WOMEN

BUCHUPALLI SREEDEVI & PROF. P. USHA RANI

ABSTRACT

The matrix of Fire on the Mountain by Anita Desai curiously deals with almost only women characters. Nanda Kaul, Raka and Ila Das are portrayed as figuring it out in three different ambits of life that allow Desai the author to explore three different possibilities to the existentialist mystique of life. In doing so the novel skims over the efficacy of multi-perspective towards life that considers weltanschauungs like ‘Hopeless Passivism’ and ‘Desperate Quietism’ and ‘Contemplative Bourgeois Philosophy’, ‘Disappointing Negativity’ and ‘Individualistic Isolationism’. The novel, through the portrayal of a slice of the life of Nanda Kaul, tries to figure out a solution to the baffling task of merging existence and happiness in a seemingly inexorable ontological crisis.

Keywords:-  Hopeless Passivism, Desperate Quietism, Contemplative Bourgeois Philosophy, Ontological crisis,Individualistic Isolationism.

6.2.8 TIMES

Area of Article : MANAGEMENT

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A STUDY ON RISE OF ONLINE FOOD BUSINESS DURING PANDEMIC COVID-19 WITH REFERENCE TO EASTERN NAGPUR

RUTUJA SUSHIL BUDHE

ABSTRACT

During the Pandemic COVID-19 outbreak globally, there was a sudden rise in the demand of online food services as it opened the doors with the prepared meals to the consumers and allowed the food providers to serve people by keeping its business operating. This study aims to analyse the consumer response towards online food ordering during the pandemic in Eastern Nagpur and the characteristics of Online Food Business (OFB) that led to an increase in its demand, to examine the several factors of consumers such as the demographic factors, demand for online food before the pandemic, advantages, the products that they mostly involved in their orders, the consumers who did and did not order through Online Food services and also the online food receiving and delivering pattern of the service providers. The research is focused on the study and analysis of data collected from all those consumers who are already using and the one’s not using the online food delivery services. To achieve the objective, the data was also collected from restaurants to know their point of view about the impact of COVID-19 outbreak on the overall Online Food Business (OFB).

Keywords: Pandemic COVID-19, Online Food Business (OFB), food ordering, receiving and delivering pattern

6.2.9 TIMES

Area of Article : MANAGEMENT

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A CRITICAL STUDY ON ONLINE MARKETING: A REFERENCE TO DOVE PRODUCT & ITS PROS AND CONS IN NAGPUR URBAN MARKET

SAKSHI SHIVHARE

ABSTRACT

In this world of digitalization, a strong online marketing strategy will help you boost your business and create more prospective buyers. The trend of online marketing is growing day by day and because of this pandemic effect it has been growing its popularity exponentially. This paper aims to study the online marketing, analyse its pros and cons and strategies adopted by Dove brand due to the growing competition and changing consumer’s needs and preferences.To capture the consumers at once innovation and creative marketing strategies must be adopted.

Keywords: Online marketing, Consumer’s Needs and Preferences and Digitalization

6.2.10 TIMES

Area of Article : MANAGEMENT

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AGRI-PRENEURSHIP: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

DR. SHIVANI KATAKWAR (HATEWAR)

ABSTRACT

Entrepreneurship involves in quest of opportunities available for the good sake of the society. Entrepreneurial context changes from region to region and even from time to time in the same region. In the same line, the changing agro-economic conditions for quite some time in India have offered as prospective context for developing entrepreneurship in agri-business, called Agri-preneurship. In other words, Agri-preneurship means developing entrepreneurship in agriculture sector. Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian Economy. Due to this vital feature India is known to be an “agriculture-dominated country”. In the path of renaissance of Indian Economy, a budge from agriculture to agribusiness plays a vital role. Agribusiness, according to Surya Kumar (1999), includes activities relating to production, processing and distribution of products and Services to agriculture, floriculture, horticulture sericulture, aquiculture and animal husbandry. Agri- business development benefits an economy in various forms and ways. Agri-preneurship generates immediate large-scale employment, utilizes the idle human and natural resources, promotes capital formation by mobilizing the idle saving of the public, reduces unemployment, promotes balanced regional development, reduces concentration of economic power, promotes equitable distribution of wealth, income and even political power, induces backward and forward linkages for industrial and economic development, and promotes country’s export. This paper mainly devoted to highlight challenges faced and opportunities available for the sustainable development of Agri-preneurship in India

Keywords: Sustainable, Agri-preneurship, Entrepreneurship, opportunities, agri-business.

6.2.11 TIMES

Area of Article : MANAGEMENT

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FACE RECOGNITION BASED DOWN SYNDROME IDENTIFICATION USING MACHINE LEARNING TECHNIQUES

SHWETA MANKAR, DR. (MRS) R.A. INGOLIKAR, REENA URKANDE

ABSTRACT

Down syndrome is a condition in which a child is born with an extra copy of their 21st chromosome. This leads to physical as well as mental developmental delays and disabilities. Many of the disabilities are lifelong, and they can also shorten life expectancy. Recent medical advances, as well as cultural and institutional support for people with Down syndrome and their families, provides many opportunities to help overcome the challenges of this condition. In recent years, the development of new Machine Learning models has allowed for new technological advancements to be introduced for practical use across the world.  Even today, there are still many research initiatives that are continuing to develop new models in the hopes to discover potential solutions for problems such as autonomous driving or determining the emotional value from a single sentence. One of the current popular research topics for Machine Learning is the development of Facial Expression Recognition systems. These Machine Learning models focus on classifying images of human faces that are expressing different emotions through facial expressions which helps us to identify whether the person is normal or having down syndrome. In this paper, the approach for facial expression analysis for identification of down syndrome identification using k-means clustering method which is the unsupervised machine techniques is presented.

Keywords: Down syndrome, k-means clustering, Machine Learning, facial recognition.

6.2.12 TIMES

Area of Article : INTERIOR DESIGN

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COMMUNITY SPACES: UNDERSTANDING THE IMPORTANCE OF COMMUNITY SPACES IN URBAN AREAS

Ar. NIRALI K GILBILE

ABSTRACT

Community spaces play a very important role in the social life of communities. Community spaces in urban areas are present in variety of functions, spaces, activities, etc. Increasing migration of people from rural to urban areas has led to the scarcity of open spaces. Urban living also limits the access to open spaces and further restricts the community life of people. It is important for the architects and urban planners to first understand how the community interacts and behaviour of community to design these spaces. Also, the successful protection and development of community spaces in urban areas is required.  

Keywords: Migration, scarcity.

6.2.13 TIMES

Area of Article : INTERIOR DESIGN

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VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE : A REVIEW

Ar. AMAR. N. MESTRY

ABSTRACT

Vernacular architecture is a form of architecture that considers all of the needs and requirements of the inhabitants, as well as nature, building materials, and cultural traditions and values. It evolves over time to reflect the community's culture, traditions, history, climate, residents' desires and needs, and economy. Structures designed by professional architects are not considered as vernacular architecture. The main concept of vernacular architecture is architecture that is not intentionally or knowingly planned. It is designed specifically for the local environment, using local environment. Architect Paul Oliver stated that vernacular architecture is "the architecture of the people, and by the people, but not for the people”. The main purpose of this study  is to investigate passive/ bioclimatic/ environmental ecological design principles/ measures/ features to achieve a comfortable living environment, eco-friendly and energy-efficient architecture.

Keywords: Vernacular Architecture, Vernacular Planning, Local Resources, Tradition, Climate Responsiveness, Indian Vernacular Architecture, Sustainability, Building Scale, Vernacular Buildings.


6.2.14 TIMES

Area of Article : INTERIOR DESIGN

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“TERRACE GARDENS” UTILIZATION OF TERRACES FOR GREEN FUTURE: A REVIEW

Id. PRIYA KANDALKAR

ABSTRACT

In today's urban environment high rise buildings, parking areas, network of roads have acquired major urban land. In such congested environment rooftop and terrace of buildings provide a valuable potential source of outdoor space accessible to users of building. (A. Patel, R. Yadav, B. Singh,2019)The purpose of this study is to give an insight into what motivates middle-class citizens to engage in gardening. The Indian middle classes are described as well educated with busy, stressful lives and with a high resource use due to consumption, however, also with increasing awareness and practices of pro-environmental behaviour. (Mathur 2010) Balcony and terrace gardens give pleasure to city dwellers and provide an opportunity for enhancing creativity as well psychological benefits. In addition, they change the visual appearance of the building, screening from neighbors, and conceal unwanted pipeline and unappealing scenery (Green,2004).  The findings of this article are based on literature review. The study concludes that, regardless of the type of home, both Individual house and apartment respondents prefer a terrace Gardening for the purpose of relaxation and decreases recorded in global Warming is the greatest benefit.    

Keywords: Roof garden, Sustainability, Roof Top Gardening, eco-design, Urban Gardening, Benefits of Terrace Garden 

6.2.15 TIMES

Area of Article : INTERIOR DESIGN

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INTERIOR FINISHING MATERIALS A REVIEW PAPER

Ar. GURUPRASAD J. YERNALKAR

ABSTRACT

Finishing can be defined as the final layer which protect and fix the surface of the building elements. This layer plays an important role in visual and psychological definition of interior space. At the period of traditional building techniques; buildings were usually produced by traditional materials such as stone, wood and adobe. They were used uncoated or sometimes plastered. After the transition to modern building techniques; the building section got thinner and new layers had to be added in order to provide comfort requirements. Consequently finishing layers were needed. The main purpose of finishing layer is to fix the surface. Also it is essential to coat wall, floor and ceiling in order to create a suitable appearance and to protect the construction from effects of water, heat, moisture, abrasion

Key Notes: finishing, building, layer, material, techniques 

6.2.16 TIMES

Area of Article : INTERIOR DESIGN

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TRANSITION OF COMMERCIAL INTERIORS THROUGH SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ENHANCEMENT OF WORKABILITY & COMFORT

Ar. SAMRUDDHI CHITNIS

ABSTRACT

There is a vast difference between residential & commercial interiors. Houses utilize comfortable stays inside, while commercial structures have very different needs to enhance workability & productivity of employees. There are so many other important factors like an  interior environment, and the comfort level for the users which are always followed by  the system design & ergonomics which can enhance functionality of furniture & workability of the workers. An interior designer can help a business to make money in various ways. The interior designer balances the functional needs of a commercial building in terms of physical space and its aesthetics using system design principles based on ergonomics and human anthropometry. All type of commercial spaces need some degree of flexibility in design for changing needs. This flexibility also can be achieved by proper system designs. Another aspect of system design is appropriate interior detailing. This paper focuses on the orientation of interior design process of commercial spaces based on the system designs of each & every interior element ; truly based on the anthropometry & ergonomics, purpose &  keen use of particular furniture element, and the technologies and systems to work out the related task easily in less time span. With this design orientation one can have increased productivity than the conventional approaches.  

Keywords: Commercial interiors, interior environment, system design & ergonomics, functional needs, productivity

6.2.1 टाईम्स

Area of Article : राज्यशास्त्र

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भारतीय शिक्षा प्रणाली पर कोविड -19 महामारी का प्रभाव – एक अध्ययन

डॉ. एन. डी. बालपांडे

ABSTRACT

कोविड-19 के भयानक और गंभीर परिणामों ने दुनिया को हिला दिया है। दुनिया भर के अधिकांश देशों में सरकारों ने कोविड-19 महामारी के कारण अस्थायी रूप से शैक्षणिक संस्थानों को बंद कर दिया है। भारत में भी, सरकार ने सभी शैक्षणिक संस्थानों को एक राष्ट्रव्यापी बंद के रूप में बंद कर दिया है, जिसके परिणामस्वरूप स्कूली बच्चों से लेकर स्नातकोत्तर तक के छात्रों की संख्या बढ़ गई है। वर्तमान परिस्थितियों में स्कूल और कॉलेज फिर से खुलेंगे या नहीं, इसमें कोई संदेह नहीं है। यह शिक्षा क्षेत्र के लिए एक महत्वपूर्ण समय है क्योंकि इस अवधि के दौरान कई विश्वविद्यालय और प्रतियोगी परीक्षाएं आयोजित की जाती हैं।  उनके साथ बोर्ड परीक्षा, नर्सरी स्कूल प्रवेश आदि कैसे भूल सकते हैं ? केंद्र सरकार और सभी राज्य सरकारें दूरस्थ शिक्षा के माध्यम से शैक्षिक नियमितता को बनाए रखते हुए राष्ट्रीय लॉकडाउन के तत्काल प्रभाव को कम करने के लिए आक्रमक तरीके से काम कर रही हैं। कोरोनावायरस का खातमा करने की तत्काल आवश्यकता है, क्योंकि भारत में स्कूलों और कॉलेजों के बंद होने के अल्पकालिक परिणाम नहीं होंगे लेकिन निश्चित रूप से दूरगामी शैक्षिक, आर्थिक और सामाजिक परिणाम होंगे। प्रस्तुत शोधपत्र मे  वर्तमान भारतीय शिक्षा नीति पर कोविड-19 महामारी के परिणामों पर प्रकाश डाला गया है।

6.2.2 टाईम्स

Area of Article : इतिहास

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इब्राहिमखान गारदीची इमानदारी आणि देशासाठी पानिपतच्या रणसंग्रामातील बलिदान

राजेश सोनकुसरे

ABSTRACT

इब्राहिमखान गारदी मराठयांच्या लष्करात तोफखाना विभागाचा प्रमुख होता. इब्राहिमखान गारदी 1761 साली झालेल्या पानिपतच्या युद्धात मराठयांच्या बाजूने प्राणपणाने लढला व विदेशी आक्रमणकारी अहमदशहा अब्दालीच्या विरूद्ध लढतांना आपल्या प्राणाचे बलिदान दिले. इब्राहिमखान गारदी हा दक्षिण भारतातील भिल्ल जातीतील धर्मांतरीत मुस्लिम कुटूंबातील होता. फ्रेंच अधिकारी ब्रुसीच्या हाताखाली तोफखान्याचे प्रशिक्षण घेतले होते. इब्राहिमखान गारदी हैद्राबादच्या निजामाच्या फौजेत तोफखाना विभागाचा प्रमुख होता. उदगीरच्या लढाईत त्याचे शौर्य बघून पेशव्यांनी त्यास निजामाशी झालेल्या तहानूसार मागून घेतले. इब्राहिमखान गारदी मराठा फौजेत 10 हजार बंदुकधारी सेना असलेल्या तोफखान्याचा प्रमुख झाला. 1760 च्या मराठयांच्या उत्तर भारत मोहीमेत इब्राहिमखान गारदीच्या तोफखान्यामुळेच मराठयांना दिल्ली व कुंजपूरा सहज जिंकता आला. 14 जानेवारी 1761 रोजी झालेल्या पानिपतच्या युद्धात सैन्य संख्या कमी असतांनाही प्रथम चरणातच इब्राहिमखान गारदीने युद्ध मराठयांच्या बाजूने झुकवले व अब्दाली युद्धातून पळून जाण्याच्या तयारीत होता. मात्र मराठयांनी केलेल्या एका चुकीमुळे गारदयांचा खातमा झाला व मराठे अखेरीस पराभूत झाले.

6.2.3 टाईम्स

Area of Article : मराठी साहित्य

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ग्रामीण कथांमधून दर्शित होणारा ग्रामीण प्रादेशिक तथा स्त्रियांचे कादंबरी लेखन स्थ

प्राचार्य डॉ. ह. रा. जाधवर

ABSTRACT

स्वातंत्र्योत्तर कालखंडात गांधीवाद आणि मार्क्सवाद यांचे आकर्षण ग्रामीण कादंबरीत दिसून येते. यातही योगायोग, अद्भुतता आणि रंजकता यांचे मिश्रण आढळते. ग्रामीण जीवनाचे वास्तवदर्शी चित्रण करताना बदलत्या स्थिती-गतीचाही वेध या कादंबरीत घेतलेला आढळतो. सभोवतालचे जीवन व उपेक्षितांचे चित्रणही यात आलेले आहे. ग्रामीण वास्तवाचा वेध, ग्रामीण भाषाशैलीतील संवादांसह आविष्कत झालेले आहे. ग्रामीण उपेक्षित आदिवासींचे प्रश्न समजावून घेण्यासाठी श. रा. भिसे यांनी ’जंगलातील छाया (1945)  ही कादंबरी लिहून जमीनदार, व्यापारी हे भिल्ल, पावरी जमातींच्या आदिवासींची कशी फसवणूक करतात हे दाखवून दिले. प. त्रि. सहस्त्रबुद्धे यांनी ‘पहिली सलामी(1948) या कादंबरीत माईच्या नेतत्वाखाली स्वातंत्र्यलढा देऊन आदिवासी स्वतंत्र झालेले दिसतात. वि. वा. हडप यांची ‘अन्नदाता उपाशी (1947) ही ग्रामीण कादंबरी  मार्क्सवादाच्या प्रेरणेतून लिहिली आहे. ‘गोदाराणी(1947) या कादंबरीत शूर वारली .