5.3 ENGLISH

Area of Article : ALL

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VOL- 5 ; ISSUE- 3, PUNE RESEARCH - An International Journal in English (ISSN 2454-3454) JIF 3.02

Editor-in-Chief

ABSTRACT

PUNE RESEARCH  

AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL IN ENGLISH

( ISSN 2454  -  3454  ONLINE ) (JIF 3.02)

 VOLUME 5 , ISSUE - 3  ( MAY-JUNE  2019 )

5.3.1 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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TALE-DANDA: INDIA: A MILLION MUTUNIES NOW

DR. SHAILAJA B. WADIKAR

ABSTRACT

Tale-Danda occupies an important place in the Karnad canon. In this play, Karanad deals with such issues as reflect the way of life and the thinking of an entire community. The play communicates the message that it is easy to go with the current as it makes no demands but it is very difficult to go against it. Through the events in the play Karnad has portrayed the identity between communal and caste violence, and has focused the fact that the effects of intra-religious conflict are very similar to those of inter-religious conflict. In Tale-Danda, Karnad highlights the most delicate and crucial problem of caste system that has remained burning through all the ages of the Indian history. The main reason for the defeat of Basavanna is the lack of unity and faith. The dream of egalitarian society of the social activists lie Basavanna cannot be transformed into reality as society in all periods and times is divided on the basis of caste, class, colour, religion, gender, etc.

5.3.2 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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IMPORTANCE OF IDIOMS TO ENGLISH LEARNERS

UMAR ALTAF SOF

ABSTRACT

Non-native speakers of English often lack the ability to comprehend and produce English idiomatic expressions aptly and in an adequate amount. This adequate and apt use of idiomatic expressions is common in the average native speakers daily life and thus considered to be a distinctive feature which characterizes English native speakers. Non-native speakers of English are found in different parts of the world. The usage of Idiomatic expressions by those speakers is considered as an important issue and is regarded as an essential part of the English Language competence. It is a necessity that all speakers of the English Language become aware and proficient in using English idiomatic expressions. It is essential and is considered a big part of English language proficiency to be able to use idiomatic expression when communicating in the English Language. This paper aims to discuss the importance of idiomatic expressions to English language learners.

Key words: comprehend, idiomatic expression, language, non-native speakers

5.3.3 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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ANITA DESAI’S CONTRIBUTION TO INDIAN FICTION

MRINALINI SHEKHAR

ABSTRACT

Anita Desai is one of the prominent gifted novelists in Indian English. She was born in Mussorie on 24th June 1937.Her father was a Bengali while her mother was German. She grew up with English, Hindi, Bengali and German. English was her first language .She began her writing at the age of seven it was in English. She has written novels, stories, children books and articles. She is often considered as psychological novelist an a feminist who deals with major themes of isolation, lack of communication, inner struggle, man woman relationship and marital discords. Her protagonists are female. Language and technique used by Anita Desai is as per theme and situation. She uses memories of past that is Nostalgia as a narrative technique. Her distinct style of writing, original characters, use of language, realistic theme, and narrative technique has made her writing so endearing which earned many words, recognitions and awards for her work.  Her contribution to the literary world is without any doubt is great. All aspects of her writing are discussed in the paper.

Keywords:- Feminist, isolation, physical landscape

5.3.4 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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RELIGION, RITUAL, AND POLITICS: A STUDY OF SURENDRA VERMA’S FROM THE SUNSET TO SUNRISE (SURAJ KI ANTIM KIRAN SE SURAJ KI PEHLI KIRAN TAK) (1962)

DR. AYESHA ANWAR WARSI

ABSTRACT

In a world where religious beliefs reign supreme there is one group of people that dominates the masses through their religious dictatorship and then there exists another that submissively admits to the dictates of the former by being extremely God fearing. This paper tries to discover the theme of such domination in history through  one of the important play Suraj ki Antim Kiran se Suraj ki Pehli Kiran Tak (1962) written by a renowned Hindi writer, Surendra Verma. He has writtten several novels, plays and screenplays that exist not only in Hindi, but also in Urdu and English. This paper deals with the supremacy of religious “Purohits” and Priests over the king and his kingdom. It is about, how religion remains a subject which is beyond the understanding of human beings and can only be gripped under an expert supervision of the religious clergy, in oblivion that how the clergy can facilitate religion according to the need of changing times. This play is about adultery in royal household permitted by the priest and kinsman for the future heir of the state. They arrange things for the ceremony and no one puts any objection to such affairs; even the king himself becomes helpless to deal with it. To these people things are quite easy going to their understanding of religion and can be governed by introducing new rules to the righteous way of justifying them. Ironically such kind of discriminatory innovation is meant only for the upper class not for the lower class at all.

Key Words: Religion, Ritual, Politics, Sexuality, Supremacy.

5.3.5 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS IN THE POETRY OF A. K. RAMANUJAN

MRITYUNJAY RAO

ABSTRACT

According to New Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, ''The word Nature denotes all the plants, animals and things that exist in the universe that are not made by people or the way that things happen in the physical world when it is not controlled by people (1016)." The proposed study is all about the physical world, its relevance and its contribution to living organism. The word ‘Environment’ is usually associated with nature which is, according to New Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, "The environment means, ''the natural world in which people, animals and plants live (511)." In this way, nature and physical environment are the same things.