4.5 ENGLISH

Area of Article : ALL

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VOL- 4 ; ISSUE- 5, PUNE RESEARCH - An International Journal in English (ISSN 2454-3454) JIF 3.02

Editor-in-Chief

ABSTRACT

PUNE RESEARCH  

AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL IN ENGLISH

( ISSN 2454  -  3454  ONLINE ) (JIF 3.02)

 VOLUME 4 , ISSUE - 5  ( SEPT-OCT  2018 )

4.5.1 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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A READING OF LEON URIS’S EXODUS AS A FOURTH WORLD DISCOURSE

DR. L. RONALD DAVID

ABSTRACT

Leon Uris’s Exodus is a piece of fourth world discourse. It not only traces the history of the establishment of the modern state of Israel but also presents the saga of the fourth world people, the Jews, to attain statehood. It traces the persecution of the Jewish people in Europe, which sparked off waves of immigration to Palestine, epitomized in the novel by the story of the Rabinsky brothers, Jossi and Yakov, the founding of the Zionist movement, the establishment of Jewish settlements in Palestine and throws light on the efforts made by Jews to sustain a Jewish state in Palestine.

4.5.2 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LANGUAGE

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USE OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS

SAMEER VIJAY PAWAR

ABSTRACT

In Teaching and learning Process, we have a lot to choose from the world of modern technology: TV, CD Rom, Computers, C.A.L.L., MALL, Internet, Electronic Dictionary, Email, Blogs and Audio Cassettes, Power Point, Videos, DVD’s or VCD’s. The last two decades have witnessed a revolution due to onset of technology, and has changed the dynamics of educational institutes, and has also influenced the educational system and the way people interact and work in the society. This rapid rising and development of information technology has offered a better pattern to explore the modern teaching model. Using modern technology to create a context to teach new technology has its unique advantages. As a result technology plays a very important role in teaching and learning process. According to the new national curriculum innovations are in a successful outcome for the introduction of many factors, the most important things are learning environment, which includes the suitable equipment, place, space utilization, and the selection of learning resources to support teaching and learning problem solving process, by creating the best conditions for students.We are on the crossing of an age of information. This will change of the universe no less than the industrial age. Now it is more important that it would be accessible and available to everyone. Also it’s essential to teach our children construction tools of this new challenges. Teach them how to solve problems, and how to be passive consumers.In order to make suitable atmosphere for children, it’s important to take into consideration that modern technologies have the great role to this process. . This paper tries to analyze the necessity of Modern technology to teaching and learning process. It also aims to make teachers aware of the strategies to use it in an effective manner.

Keywords ICT, Modern Technologies, Tool , Techniques , Electronic devices .

4.5.3 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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MAJOR INDIAN WOMEN NOVELISTS IN ENGLISH

DR. RAJKUMAR M. LAKHADIVE

ABSTRACT

Indian English fiction is the soul of Indian Writing in English. This has received a special place among the readers here and abroad. It is one of the popular genres of Indian Writing in English. It is a major source for a systematic study of cultural change, with Indian world-view as a focus. Indian Writing in English is incomplete without Indian English fiction. It forms almost an integral part of English literature. The Indian women novelists writing in English are now enjoying an increasing popularity and prestige. They show how the modern Indian women attempt to free themselves sexually, economically and domestically from the male-dominated society. They are the major voices in India. They are the ‘New Women’. During the last few decades, a large number of women novelists in Indian English fiction have attracted a great deal of attention. Famous among them are Kamala Markandaya, Ruth Praver Jhabwala, Divakarani, Nayantara Sahgal, Anita Desai, Shobhaa De, Githa Hariharan, Jhumpa Lahiri, Shashi Deshpande, Bharati Mukherjee, Kiran Desai, Arundhati Roy, Namita Gokhale, Anita Nair, Manju Kapur and many more. These new voices of India are writing about themselves, their own existence and struggle, their experiences in male-dominated society, their ‘self’. 

4.5.4 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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THE PILOT STUDY OF MAYA ANGELOU’S NOVELS ‘I KNOW WHY THE CAGED BIRD SINGS’ AND ‘THE HEART OF A WOMAN’

DR. P. PRABHAVATHY & MS. A. SOWMIYA

ABSTRACT

American literature is the literature written or produced in English language in the United States. It existed as a broader institution of the British literature, following its literary tradition. Black American literature or African American Literature is considered as the body of literature produced by the American writers of African descent which highlights the main outcome of the slaves from slavery. Their themes mainly focused on their life style and culture with special focus on slavery, racial discrimination and exploitation that they experienced in their lives. There was a vast distinction between the literature of freed slaves and the literature of free blacks born in the North America. Freed slaves expressed their oppression in a different narrative form. The central union war aimed to preserve the United States as a nation and not to perish slavery. The scope of the study dealt with the themes entangled in the novels of Maya Angelou.

Keywords: American, British, Black American literature, slavery, racial discrimination.

4.5.5 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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LITERATURE AND ECOLOGY: AN EXPERIMENT IN ECOCRITICISM

ALTAF AHMAD GANAIE

ABSTRACT

Ecocriticism is unique amongst contemporary literary and cultural theories because of its close relationship with the science of ecology. Indeed, the widest definition of the subject of ecocriticism is the study of the relationship of the human and the non-human, throughout human cultural history and entailing critical analysis of the term 'human' itself. This paper will reflect these trends by giving space to both literary and cultural ecocriticism. Ecocritics may not be qualified to contribute to debates about problems in ecology, but they must nevertheless transgress disciplinary boundaries and develop their own 'ecological literacy' as far as possible. The paper provides brief discussions of some important environmental threats faced by the world today. To consider these in detail, it is essential for ecocritics to recognise that there are serious arguments about the existence of the problems, their extent, the nature of the threat and the possible solution to them.  

Key Words Environment, Pollution, Literature, Ecology, Nature, Culture 

4.5.6 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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RISE OF DALITS AGAINST GENTILITY

P. KAVIPRABHA

ABSTRACT

Dalit literature encounters the troubles and tortures forced upon the Dalit community both physically and mentally in the name of caste. Unfortunately few Dalits are accepting the discrimination, but some with the help of education, fights back for their rights and equality. In the work Kisumbukkaran Bama brought out ten short stories which speak about Dalit’s life and troubles they are facing in day to day by the upper caste community. This paper attempts to bring out the constant efforts of Dalits to create a identity against gentility with the help of education and other factors. This paper speaks about the endeavourers from Dalit community.

Keywords: Mothalali, Flipped, Paraya, Annachi.

4.5.7 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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THE LIGHT AT THE END OF THE TUNNEL- AN EMOTIONAL TURMOIL PICTURISED IN CLEAR LIGHT OF DAY BY ANITA DESAI

V. SARANYA

ABSTRACT

Anita Desai the well known Indian novelist has portrayed the sensitivity and  inner feelings of the female characters in all her novels. Her female characters are sensitive human beings, driven to the limits of the despair and live within a confined structure. Complexities of man – women relationship were the themes of her novels. She writes mostly on the tragic plight of women suffering under men. Her works have a psychological bearing and they prove her to be an adept at projecting the difficulties faced by her characters in shedding their fears and insecurities, resulting in the rupture of their familial ties. Their psychological turmoil creates psychic imbalances which in turn, handicap them in establishing harmonies and gratifying interpersonal relationship feminine sensibility gains an emphatic expression in her novels.

Keywords: reminiscences, reconciliation, self-acceptance, patriarchal society, psychological turmoil, marginalization.   

4.5.8 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LANGUAGE

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TASKED BASED LANGUAGE TEACHING IN COMMUNICATION LEVEL

B. PORSELVI & DR. P. S. PRAMEELA PRIADERSINI

ABSTRACT

Communicative language teaching makes use of real-life situations that necessitate communication. The teacher sets up a situation that students are likely to encounter in real life. Unlike the audio lingual method of language teaching, which relies on repetition and drills, the communicative approach can leave students in suspense as to the outcome of a class exercise, which will vary according to their reactions and responses. The real-life simulations change from day to day. Students' motivation to learn comes from their desire to communicate in meaningful ways about meaningful topics.  

4.5.9 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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SHERWOOD ANDERSON’S LIFE AND HIS VIEW ON MATERIALISM AND SOCIO – CULTURAL ASPECTS

DR. P. PRABHAVATHY ; D. IMMANUVEL & A. SOWMIYA

ABSTRACT

American writing was formed by the historical backdrop of the nation that created it. For just about a century and a half, America was simply a gathering of settlements scattered along the eastern seaboard of the North American mainland states from which a couple of strong souls likely wandered westbound. After a fruitful resistance to the homeland, America turned into the United States, a country. Materialism, additionally called Physicals, in theory, the view that all certainties counting actualities about the human personality and the course of mankind's history are causally reliant upon physical procedures, or even reducible to them. Through the impact of neurophysiology and furthermore computer science (the exploration of data and control, which can be connected additionally to automata) the logical brain research is likewise fitting great into the same unthinking plan.

Keywords:  materialism, physicals, impact, neurophysiology, exploration

4.5.10 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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IN SEARCH OF A SELF IN THE NOVELS THE BLUEST EYE BY TONI MORRISON AND THE GOD OF SMALL THINGS BY ARUNDHATI ROY

JANE THERESA

ABSTRACT

There is a quoting in the Holy bible by St Mark, stating that the stones which the builders rejected became the cornerstone of the building, that was the Lord’s doing and it’s amazing in our eyes .The one who is oppressed, the rejected stone, due to the policies and systems that are developed on the needs of the elite will become the corner stone of the world. All are God’s creation and people should realize that even the most marginalized bear the image of God. Everybody has the right to live the life in its fullness. This paper compares the Afro American oppression in Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye and Indian dalit oppression in Arundhati Roy’s The God of small things. Both the novels use the themes of racism and oppression to underscore the effects of post-slavery. Oppression of the downtrodden is seen in every corner of the world. The literature of Afro American is similar to dalit literature as both are records of the tragedy of their respective histories .The different setting and era in each novel suggest that the oppression and inequality had changed very little even after years later. Dalit literature and African American literature makes the readers understand their respective society and gives the answers of the fundamental questions of life and dignity. The paper also focuses on the oppression of many women who consider them as marginalized. Because of their gender, women are not valued and not respected in the society all over the world. This tragedy is examined through the works of Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye and Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things. Given that the two societies are different in terms of place and time, it is understandable that there should be certain limitations and differences in their literatures. On the other hand, there are similarities too. This paper is the study of similarities in Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye and Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things. 

4.5.11 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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SPIRAL PATH OF SPIRITUAL ATTAINMENT IN ANITA DESAI’S JOURNEY TO ITHACA

DR. KALPNA VIJAY & NUPUR TANDON

ABSTRACT

India has been a symbolic place of solace for the pilgrims since ages. Pilgrims have wandered and suffered in the journey for the search of their soul.  Not only the natives but the immigrants too travel to different places of religious importance in India to quench their thirst for truth and God. They migrate from the West to reach Ithaca, an imaginary place of spiritual importance. We explore in this article the experiences of these people who exchange religious and spiritual beliefs as they travel in the light of diaspora writer Anita Desai’s novel Journey to Ithaca. Our focus is to bring out how the fake masters or gurus misrepresent the Indian culture, religion and spiritualism. In this article we have discussed that the tricksters misguide the immigrant pilgrims for the sake of money and sell Indian spirituality abroad to make their living. Nevertheless, despite meeting all odds in the beginning, how the immigrant pilgrims find their fulfilment later on and continue their quest for truth and god is argued in this article.

Key-Words Solace, religion, spriritual fulfilment, beliefs, thirst, quench, enlightenment, truth

4.5.12 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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PORTRAYAL OF WOMEN CHARACTERS IN THE SELECTED NOVELS OF ANITA DESAI

DR. D. PARAMESHWARI

ABSTRACT

The history of Indian women writers begins with Toru Dutt and her unfinished novel Bianca or The Young Spanish Maiden. Other women novelists and their novels of the earth period are Raj Laxmi Debi’s The hindu Wife or The Enchanted Fruit (1876), Krupabai Sattinadhan’s Kamala, A Story of Hindu Life (1894) and Saguna, A Story of Native Christian Life (1895). Then there are Shavantibai Nikumber’s A Sketch of a Bombay High Caste Hindu Wife (1896) and Calcutta Sorabjis works Love andLife Behind the Purdah (1901), Sun babies: Studies in the Child Life of India (1904) and Between the Twilights (1908).

4.5.13 ENGLISH

Area of Article : LITERATURE

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JOURNEY OF SELF AS A MOTIF IN MALAMUD’S FICTION WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON THE NATURAL

DR. AMITKUMAR N. SUTARIA

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In our own Indian history the quest motif is prevalent in the form of deep search for identity in the great epic The Mahabharta although this great epic deals not only with the theme of quest but also reveals the unending exploration of humanity. It is also an expedition to understand the significance of self and humankind's character in a universe which is beyond its vision as well as understanding. Arjun, the hero of the epic (or at least of The Bhagwad Gita), represents all humanity and he pines for self-identification and self-realisation. He strives to bring order to the everyday pandemonium of the human world. The quest for individual human's sense of self is presented in the form of hero metaphor in which a larger- than- life- figure takes on himself the symbolic search for identity.