3.1 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : ALL

Article Image

VOL 3 ; ISSUE 1 - PUNE RESEARCH SCHOLAR (ISSN 2455-314X) JIF 2.46

Editor-in-Chief

ABSTRACT

PUNE RESEARCH SCHOLAR 

AN INTERNATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL

( ISSN 2455  -  314X  ONLINE )

 VOLUME 3 , ISSUE - 1  (FEB - MAR 2017) (JIF 2.46)

3.1.1 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : COMMERCE

Article Image

PRODUCTION AND MARKETING DIEMENSIONS OF SEED COMPANIES AND ITS PROBLEMS A CASE STUDY OF RANEBENNUR TALUKA

RAJASHEKAR S. CHAKKI & DR. C. S. YATNALLI

ABSTRACT

India  is  a  land  of  villages  with  80  per  of  population  residing  in  bout six  lakh  villages.  It is  predominantly  an  agricultural  country.  Agriculture  forms  the  backbone  and  important  sector  in  the  Indian  economy.  About  70  to  75  percent  of  working  population  depends  on  agriculture  for  their  livelighood.  These farmers  carry  out  the  cultivation  on  age  old  traditional  methods.  Efforts  have  to be  made  change  their  traditional  farming  practices  and  to  increase  agricultural  production.  But,  fatalistic  attitude  of  the  rural  people  resist  any  change  suggested  in the  method  of  improving  their  lot  and  stick  to the  old  traditional  methods  for  fear  of  losing  their  scanty  capital  and  pecuniary  income.

3.1.2 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : LANGUAGE TEACHING

Article Image

AN OVERVIEW THE STAGES OF ENGLISH IN INDIA AND ITS IMPORTANT

SHEHJAD SIDIQUII

ABSTRACT

The introduction of English in India was a part of this exploitation. The English was introduced in India as a part of the British policy to have ‘cheap clerks’ and to spread their religion. The advent of English is India happened as early as in 1800 A.D but the East India company imparted English education only to the children of the European employees of the company and to the very small percentage of Anglo Indians in the country, hence English had a very limited sphere of dominance and it was an extremely marginalized language used only by the British. This status of marginalized language remained for an extremely long time with the British learning the native languages for the purpose of administration, business and communication

3.1.3 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

SWATI, THE SURPANAKA - THE MONSTROUS FEMININE OF SHOBHA DE'S SNAPSHOTS

ANITHA LESLEY & DR. R. KALIDASAN

ABSTRACT

The contemporary feminist writers challenging the gender stereotypes attempt to create grotesque female characters defying the norms of female beauty.  The she-monsters are common in literature and they have to be looked at in terms of sex and gender.  Though they are categorized  as females, they are gendered more as masculine than feminine. In this way they transgress the boundaries of the gender and evade the social norms.  By coining the term "Monstrous-Feminine", Barbara Creed explores the importance of gender in the construct of woman’s monstrosity.  She scrutinizes the horror films to conceptualize the notion of "Monstrous-Feminine" and  investigates Julia Kristeva’s  theory of "Abjection" as a way of separating the human from the non-human form.  "Abjection" literally means "the state of being cast off."  This paper examines the role of Surpananka in the epic Ramayana, and the reflection of this prototype, Swati in Shobha De's Snapshots, to present  them as "Monstrous-Feminine" .

3.1.4 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : EDUCATION

Article Image

ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOUR

DR. PRABIR BERA

ABSTRACT

Attitude and behavior are closely related in some sense though they are two different concepts. One of the most important differences between behavior and attitude is that attitude is internal whereas behavior is external in sense. In other words it can be said that behavior can very well be seen by others as it is external whereas attitude is shelled within the mind of the individual and hence cannot be seen by others immediately. The paper concentrate on the attitude and behavior, and how ttitude turns into action. 

3.1.5 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

DEREK WALCOTT: THE REAL POET OF WESTINDIES

DR. K. HARI KISHAN

ABSTRACT

Studying West Indian literature is a great academic venture, because it is a synthesis of various cultures. The cultures of native tribes and of the imported slave communities from Africa, indentured labourers from India, China, Middle East and the cultures of colonial rulers promoted to a highly varied and complex culture in the West Indian soil. In this multi cultural context, it is very difficult to define one single notion of ‘Caribbeanness’ or ‘West Indianness’. It is equally difficult to understand how and where and when exactly the ‘West Indian Literature’ had emerged.

3.1.6 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : COMMERCE

Article Image

OPERATIONAL WEALTH FINANCING OF LITTLE AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES

BORATE SAGAR SHANKAR

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the come up to of little- to medium-sized Mauritian manufacturing firms to operational wealth finance using a survey-based approach and case studies. Financing has been cited as one of the most common problems faced by SMEs and is often viewed as one of their main barriers to growth. Using parametric and non-parametric techniques, the important variables that affect the demand for financing are examined. Interestingly, it is observed that the sample firms adopted more informal sources of financing and net operational to meet their financing requirements. The financing preferences of the firms were predominantly short-term and there was definite proof that they were reluctant to move down the pecking order for fear of losing control of their businesses. The research findings provided some new proof in support of the different approaches to financing operational wealth. These SMEs used more informal sources such as shareholder loans and bootstrap finance. These results indirectly suggest that firms experience momentous information costs that prevent them from gaining access to the traditional sources of financing. The findings of the study will be useful to the financial institutions that fund SMEs and to policy makers.

Keywords: operational wealth finance, financing preferences, Pecking order, casual sources 

3.1.7 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

STEREOTYPING IN PREMCHAND’S THE SHROUD

DR. BALKRISHNA WAGHMARE

ABSTRACT

In post-colonial theory, the term, ‘stereotype’ refers to the generalized views of the colonizers about the colonized. They are negative, debasing, humiliating, and mostly based on a racist or prejudiced view of the colonized people. This term can be applied to Premchand’s short story, The Shroud. Premchand has associated Dalits with qualities like lazy, work shirkers, inhuman, thieves etc. Hence, this paper tries to explore the unintentional stereotyping of Dalits during colonial period.

Keywords: Stereotypes, Dalits.

3.1.8 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : LANGUAGE TEACHING

Article Image

TEACHING GRAMMAR THROUGH GAMES

M. VIJAYALAKSHMI

ABSTRACT

Grammar points can be contextualized with games that are absorbing and just plain fun if they are selected with the interest of the class in mind. According to Haldfield (1999:102-104): “A game is an activity with rules, a goal and an element of fun… Games should be regarded as an integral part of the language syllabus, not as an amusing activity for Friday afternoon or for the end of the term.” This definition highly evaluates the importance of games in teaching. It adds to teachers’ techniques in teaching that games serve not only as an ‘amusing activity’, but as a technique to carry out tasks to learners amusingly as well.

Key words: Teaching grammar, Games in teaching, Tips for using grammar games.

3.1.9 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : LAW

Article Image

THE PARAMOUNT ROLE OF LEGAL EDUCATION IN INDIA

NAGESH S. COLVALKAR

ABSTRACT

This paper looks into the legal education in the present paradox in the contemporary Society.   With due to lacks a legal profession that understands law as an instrument of economic and social architecture. After post independence of India’s in 1947, due to lack of unawareness of about legal education in the society. However, administration is mainly in the hands of bureaucrats and not extensively trained in legal education. Therefore, the while on account of which role of legal education has restricted as post dispute machinery.

In the 20th century the advent of liberalization and Globalization the problems face by the urban middle classes due to lack of knowledge legal education. The paper examines how the state recognizing and implementation the policy of for legal education and advocacy should be reached in the society. At the same time, these legal education and advocacy should be practices in the society for welfare of the weaker section. Against this backdrop, the paper examines ongoing attempts among the paramount role of legal education in India .The present paper covers, and for this purpose the secondary data from books, articles, journal, newspaper etc. have been used here.

Keywords: Legal Education, Legal system, Advocacy, Legal professionals. 

3.1.10 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : LANGUAGE

Article Image

EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS

GAJANAN P. PATIL

ABSTRACT

Successful people moving about the crowd are usually excellent in their interpersonal skills.  It has taming of emotions which remain the strongest side in preserving one’s own balance in odd situations. An individual needs to qualify the state of being an effective communicator among the members in which he/she lives in personal or professional life events. An individual after acquiring basic communicative skills ultimately turns to practice on interpersonal skills and qualifies later to the state of a leader. The leader makes use of mental, social and linguistic skills to impress group members. There are a few directives and solid necessities in retaining ones part in the routine of a healthy group. There are few methods and strategies which very well design the direction of a self- help or co - help group to form interpersonal relations. There are favourable and odd situations where communication succeeds as well as blocks. However, there are numerous opportunities to build a healthy approach of participating and performing through the art of communication.

Key-words: interpersonal, communicator, personal, professional, mental, social, linguistic 

3.1.11 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

AYN RAND’S THE FOUNTAINHEAD: INDIVIDUALISM V/S COLLECTIVISM

DR. PRADEEP G. SONAWANE

ABSTRACT

Ayn Rand was a major intellectual of the twentieth century. Rand always found capitalism and the individualism of the Unites States as a welcome alternative to the corrupt and negative Socialism of Russia. After becoming proficient in English and establishing herself as a writer in the U.S., she became a passionate advocate of her philosophy, Objectivism. Ayn Rand’s philosophy is in Aristotelian tradition. It is emphasized upon metaphysical, empirical reason in epistemology and self-realization in ethics. Objectivism tells about a rational self-interest and self-responsibility, the idea that no person is any other person’s slave. The virtues of her philosophy are principled policies based on rational assessment, productiveness, honesty, integrity, independence, justice and pride. Her political philosophy is in the classical liberal tradition. It emphasizes on individualism.

Keywords: Capitalism, Individualism, Socialism, Objectivism, Epistemology, Self-realization, etc.

3.1.12 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : LITERATURE

Article Image

INCLUSIVE QUALITY EDUCATION: UNDERSTANDING THE PROBLEMS OF MINORITY AND DALITS

DR. BABURAM SWAMI

ABSTRACT

Ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong opportunities for all. The education institutions must enable all students of various caste, creed and colour to learn and participate equally. Inclusive education is an approach that considers how to change education system to respond to the diversity of learners for high qualitative education. Dalit is a constructive identity, which is a comprehensive term comprising the scheduled castes and tribes. Dalit implies those who have been broken and ground down by those above them in the social hierarchy in a deliberate and active way. There is in the word itself an inherent denial of pollution, karma and justified caste hierarchy. History suggests that working people, landless, poor peasant women who were exploited and systematically, institutionally deprived of their civil, political, economic, social, religion and cultural rights in every aspect of life. Noble men were deeply concerned about the plight of the untouchables and fought against all the unjust divisions in society. 

3.1.13 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : COMMERCE

Article Image

A STUDY OF THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN INDIAN ECONOMY

NAGPURE VIJAY BHAUSAHEB

ABSTRACT

The study tells that the entrepreneur acts as a trigger head to give spark to economic activities by his entrepreneurial decisions. He plays a pivotal role not only in the development of industrial  sector of a country but also in the development of farm and service sector. One of the key objectives of modern economics is to determine factors that influence the economic development. This paper, therefore, seeks to discuss entrepreneurship as one of the factors that influence the economy of a nation, either directly or indirectly. It is a fact that entrepreneurship plays a significant part in shaping the landscape of a country’s economy. Economists and policy makers recognize this fact. In fact, entrepreneurship is the engine of economic growth and it has come to be perceived as a catalytic agent for expansion and promotion of productive activities in every sphere of economic life all over the world.. There will then follow a discussion on the disadvantages of entrepreneurship to the economy. The paper will end with a conclusion summarizing all the keys points discussed, research limitations, and recommendations for further research.

Keywords:- Entrepreneur, Economic development,

3.1.14 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : HISTORY

Article Image

ALAMPUR – POPULARLY KNOWN AS DAKSHINA KASI

K. GOPINAIK

ABSTRACT

In India we have so many temples and historical sites to know and to see their beautiful art and architecture. Among them Alampur is one. Alampur is a great pilgrimage center and is called a temple town. Its history dates back to the 6th century A.D. A group of nine temples with magnificent and elegant curvilinear Sikharas built by the Chalukyas of Bandami (6th to 8th and 10th to 12th century A D) . They were, t great patrons of art and architecture. These nine temples are popularly known as "Nava Brahma temples".  Lard Shiva as Bala Brahmeshwara is the presiding deity and his consort Parvathi is enshrined here in the name of Jogulamba, one of thel8 Shakthies of India.  Alampur also finds place in the list of Shakthi Peethas. The town has also a temple dedicated to Yellamma or Renuka, more popular among the rural folk.

3.1.15 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : COMMERCE

Article Image

IMPACT OF REFORMS IN THE TELECOM SECTOR IN INDIA

G. PAVAN KUMAR

ABSTRACT

The process of telecom reforms in Independent India began in the year 1980, with an attractive slogan “Mission Better Communication”. In the year 1984, for the first time, private manufacturing of customer premise equipment was allowed. Until than the Government Department of Telecommunication (DoT) enjoyed the monopoly of manufacturing equipment. In 1986 for better management and easy operations, the DoT gave birth two large Government owned corporate bodies called Mahanagar Telecom Nigam Limited (MTNL) and Videshi Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL). The MTNL provide basic services in Mumbai and Delhi to treat differently, VSNL provides overseas long distance services.

3.1.16 SCHOLAR

Area of Article : COMMERCE

Article Image

FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN INDIA

G. SUNITHA

ABSTRACT

The investment made by company in new manufacturing  and /or marketing facilities in a foreign country is referred to as Foreign Direct Investment(FDI) Investment made by Enron  in power plant in  India is an example of FDI.The investment made by a company in a foreign country over a given period is called Flow of Foreign Direct Investment the total amount of investment made by a company in a foreign country up to a given time is called The stock of Foreign Direct Investment. Out flow of FDI is called Out flow of Foreign Direct Investment and inflow of FDI is called Inflow of Foreign Direct investment.

SCHOLAR

Area of Article : हिन्दी साहित्य

Article Image

भूषण और उनके काव्य की विशेषताएँ

डॉ हनुमंत दशरथ जगताप

ABSTRACT

    fganh lkfgR; ds jhfrdkyhu dfo;ksa esa dfooj Hkw"k.k dk uke vxzx.; gSaA fganh ds bl lqizfl/n dfo dk tUe la- 1670 es mRrj- izns'k ds frdokWaiqj xkWao esa gqvk Fkk A muds firk jRudj f=ikBh ds pkj iq=&fparke.kh] Hkw"k.k ]efrjke vkSj fuydaB FksA Lo;a dfo us viuh dkO; jpuk ^f'kojktHkw"k.k* esa vius uke ds lanHkZ es Li"V fd;k gS fd mudk okLrfod uke efrjke Fkk] fdarq fp=dqV ds jktk ân;jke ds iq= #nz lksyadh us budh dfork ls izlUu gksdj bUgs Hkw"k.k dh mikf/k ls lEekfur fd;k vkSj rHkh ls bUgsa dfo Hkw"k.k ds uke ls igpkuk tkus yxkA ;g lR; gSa fd dfo Hkw"k.k vius dky ds vusd jktkvksa ds jktkJ; esa jgs] ij vius Lora= LoHkko ds pyrs budk fdlh ds lkFk eu ugh feykA ijUrq vUr esa dfo Hkw"k.k us N=ifr f'kokth vkSj iUuk ujs'k N=lky dks vius fopkjksa ds vuqdwy ikdj viuk vf/kd ls vf/kd le; bu nks fganw jktkvksa ds lkFk fcrk;k A dgk tkrk gS fd budh izfr"Bk c<kus ds fy, ,dckj egkjkt N=lky us budh ikydh esa viuk da/kk Hkh yxk fn;k Fkk] ftls ns[kdj dfo Hkw"k.k xn~xn~ gks ikydh ls dwn iMs vkSj mUgkasus dgk&

SCHOLAR

Area of Article : मराठी साहित्य

Article Image

सदानंद देशमुख यांच्या कादंबर्‍यातून व्यक्त होणार्‍या सामाजिक समस्या

सौ. नयना सुर्यकांत लोखंडे

ABSTRACT

जागतिकीकरणाने केलेल्या वेगवान वाटचालीचे  प्रतिबिंब ग्रामव्यवस्था, ग्रामसंस्कृती वर उमटले. शेतकरी गावगाडा, सावकार, शेतमजूर, सुशिक्षित बेरोजगार, प्रतिकूल, परिस्थितीला समोर जात होते. सरकारी योजना तंत्रज्ञानाचा विकास प्रसारमाध्यमाचा प्रसार ग्रामीण भागात झाला असला तरी आजही ग्रामीण भागातील मूळ प्रश्न कायम आहेत. ग्रामव्यवस्थेतील   नवीन बदलांमुळे नवीन प्रश्न निर्माण झाले आहेत. नवीन सरकारी यंत्रणा, बँक, यांत्रिकीकरण, राजकीय नेते यामुळे या समस्यांमध्ये भर पडली आहे. शेती चा केवळ धान्यउत्पादनासाठी वापर न होता आता बिल्डर, उद्योगधंदेवाले व्यापारी, सावकार, यांनी शेतजमिनीवर आपले लक्ष केंद्रित केले. त्यामुळे समाजातील शेतकऱ्यांचे शोषण करणाऱ्या नव्या शोषक घटकांची भर पडली. हे सारे घडत असताना शेती करणारी माणसे विस्थापित झाली. नवीन पिढी चंगळवादी बनली व श्रामप्रतिष्ठेपासून दुरावली. या संपूर्ण परिवर्तनामुळे शेतकऱ्यांचा आत्मसम्मान गेला व त्याने आत्महत्येचा मार्ग निवडला. शेतकऱ्यांचा आत्मनाश ओढवून घेणारे आत्मभान १९९० च्या दशकातील साहित्यातून आविष्कृत झाले. माणसातील माणुसकी संपवणारी मूल्यव्यवस्था त्यामुळे माणसे आत्मकेंद्रित झाली. या सर्व परिस्थितीचे पडसाद तिसऱ्या  पिढीतील ग्रामीण साहित्यिकांच्या साहित्यातून उमटू लागले.

SCHOLAR

Area of Article : आदिवाशी जीवन

Article Image

पारधी समाज आणि स्त्री जीवन - एक दृष्टीक्षेप

प्रा. प्रभाकर काशिनाथ गायकवाड आणि प्रा. डॉ. विनोद विठ्ठल जाधव

ABSTRACT

Ekgkjk”V~kP;k lksykiwj] lkaxyh] dksYgkiwj ftYg;kr rlsp fonHkkZr vkf.k [kkuns’k foHkkxkr foiqy izek.kkr vk<G.kkjh gh tkr vkgs- ^^tkrhps uko ikj/k dj.ks f’kdkj dj.ks ;k ‘kCnko#u vkysys vkgs-**1ikj/kh ;kp tkrhlkBh f’kdkjh] cgsfy;k] eksfg;k] vkf.k Vkd.kdkj@ Vkd.kdj gs ‘kCn rRle Eg.kwu okij.;kr ;srkr- okLrfod #< vFkkZuh ikj/kh ;kauk f’kdkjh Eg.kkos dh ukgh ;kckcr ek>k eukr FkksMh lka’kdp vkgs- dkj.k f’kdkjh canqdhpk okij djrkr- ek= ikj/kh djhr ukghr- ikj/;kaP;kp ,dk dFksuqlkj ikj/;kapk iqoZt xksaM gksrk- R;kyk egknsokus Qkls Vkd.;kph dyk f’kdfoyh T;keqGs rks xksGh ek#u canqdhus izk.kh ekj.;kP;k ikikiklwu okpw ‘kdsy- rsOgk iklwu rs dsoG Qkls] tkGs vkf.k lkiGs ykowup f’kdkj d# ykxys-

SCHOLAR

Area of Article : राज्यशास्त्र

Article Image

पुणे करार - डॉ. बाबासाहेब आंबेडकरांचा राजकीय समता प्रस्तापित करण्याचा प्रयत्न

श्री आचार्य विनोद धोंडीराम

ABSTRACT

        izLrqr ‘kks/kfuca/k gk LFkkfud Hkkjrh;kalkBh Loa;lRrk vlysyh jkT;?kVuk lajphr dj.;kP;k n`”Vhus mpyys xsysY;k iokykapk vk<kok ?ks.ks gk vkgs- R;kdfjrk 1930 rs 32 ;k dkGkr fczfV’k ljdkjus osxosxG;k i{kkaaP;k usR;kauk xksyest ifj”knslkBh fueaf=r dsys gksrs- R;kosGh ;k ?kVusP;k ek/;ekrwu MkW- ckcklkgsc vkacsMdjkauh vLi`’;kalkBh Lora= ernkjla?kkapk eqnnk mifLFkr dsyk gksrk- v’kk rjrqnh eqfLye] f[kz’pu]vWUXyks bafM;u] o f’k[k ;kaP;klg brj vYila[;kadkdfjrk vxksnjiklwup ykxw gksR;k- fczfV’k ljdkjus MkW- ckcklkgsc vkacsMdjkaph gh ekx.kh ekU; dsyh- vkf.k fczfV’k iariz/kku ;kauh tkrh; fuokMk ;k lnjk[kkyh fczfV’k bafM;kP;k jkT;?kVuse/;s varHkZar dj.;kps Bjys- ijarw xka/khthauh R;k tkrh; fuokM;kyk dlwu fojks/k dsyk- R;kauk okVys dh ;keqGs R;kauk fganw lektke/;s fo”kerk izLFkkfir gksbZy- R;kauh iq.;kP;k ;sjoMk rq#xke/;s 20 LkIVsacj 1932 iklwu cseqnr miks”k.kkl izkjaHk dsyk- ;k ‘kks/kfuca/kke/;s ‘kksf”kr lekt gh laKk vLi`’; lekt n’kZfo.;klkBh mi;ksxkr vk.kyh vkgs- T;kauk iq<s Lora= Hkkjrkr Hkkjrh; vWDV 1935 o iqUgk Hkkjrh; ?kVusuqlkj 1950 ‘ksM;qYM dkLV~l o ‘ksM;qYM V`kbZCl vls lacks/kys tkrs-

eq[; laKk %& iq.ks djkj] ‘kksf”kr lekt] Lora= ernjkla?k] egkRek xka/kh ] MkW- vkacsMdj] jkt;dh; lerk] bR;knh 

SCHOLAR

Area of Article : लोकप्रशासन

Article Image

मनोबल आणि प्रशासकीय कार्यक्षमता

डॉ. वाय. के. भादे

ABSTRACT

कोणत्याही संघटनेच्या कार्यामध्ये मनोबल हा एक आधारभूत घटक मानला जातो. कार्यक्षम आणि यशस्वी प्रशासनासाठी कर्मचाऱ्यांमध्ये उच्च प्रतीचे मनोबल असणे आवश्यक असते. कारण संघटनेचे यश आणि कर्मचाऱ्यांचे प्रशासकीय वर्तन मनोबलावर अवलंबून असते. संघटनेची उद्दिष्टे कार्यक्षमपणे साध्य करण्याच्या अनुषंगाने कर्मचाऱ्यांमध्ये मनोबल कसे निर्माण करावे, त्यामध्ये कशा प्रकारे वाढ करता येईल यासंबंधीची समस्या आज लोकप्रशासनासमोर विशेषतः कर्मचारी प्रशासनासमोर आहे. मनोबल ही व्यक्ती किंवा समूहाच्या मनातील भावनात्मक प्रवृत्ती आहे, जे व्यक्ती किंवा समूहाच्या भावना, विचार, कल्पना, जाणीव, प्रेरणा व प्रवृत्तीचे निर्देशक मानले जाते. एखादा कर्मचारी संघटनेतील कार्य किती निष्ठेने पार पडतात. यावरून त्या कर्मचाऱ्याचे मनोबल कसे आहे हे लक्षात येते. उच्च मनोबल असणे म्हणजे प्रशासकीय कार्यात कर्मचारी वर्गाचा पूर्ण सहयोग आणि परस्पर समन्वय आहे असे मानले जाते. त्या दृष्टीने मनोबल म्हणजे जेथे व्यक्ती कार्य करत असतो. तेथील पर्यावरण, त्याच्या सहकाऱ्यांबरोबर व अधिकाऱ्यांबरोबरचे संबंध त्याच्या भावना, विचार प्रेरणा, प्रवृत्ती व जाणिवांचा समन्वित परिणाम असते. एक प्रकारे मनोबल कार्याबाबतची मनोवस्था असते. या मनोवस्थेचा खूप मोठा प्रभाव कर्मचारी प्रशासनावर पडत असतो.  

SCHOLAR

Area of Article : लोकप्रशासन

Article Image

जिल्हा परिषद मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकार्याची भूमिका व जवाबदार्या

प्रा. धप्पाधुळे रामेश्वर शंकरराव

ABSTRACT

       ftYgk ikrGhoj iapk;r O;oLFksps mPp vxzVksd Eg.kts ftYgk ifj”kn gks;- ;ke/;s iapk;r lferhps lHkkirh] laca/khr {ks=kaps vkenkj] [kklnkj] efgyk izfrfu/kh] vuqlwfpr tkrh o tekrhaps o ekxkloxhZ;kaps izfrfu/kh ;kapk lekos’k vlrks- lgdkjh e/;orhZ cWadk fdaok cktkj lferhlkj[kk lgdkjh laLFkkaps izfrfu/kh ;kaps ftYgk ifj”knsoj ukekadu dsys tkrs- lHkkirh o milHkkirh ;kaph fuoM iap;k;r lferhP;k lHkkirhadMwu dsyh tkrs-

       fnukad-01-11-1959 iklwu ftYgk ifj”knkaP;k deZpk&;kaP;k dkekl l#okr >kyh- ftYgk ifj”kn vWDV dye s.192 e/;s ftYgk ifj”knsPks vf/kdkj vkf.k dk;Z ;kapk funsZ’k dsysyk vkgs- ftYgk ifj”knk vkf.k R;kaP;k LFkk;h lfeR;k T;k R;k fo”k;kaP;k vuqla?kkus th dkgh ekfgrh vkgs rh Lohdkjrhy] R;kaps ijh{k.k djrhy vkf.k R;kaP;k eatwjhpk ekxZ eksdGk djrhy-11 O;k ‘ksM;qy e/;s ,dw.k29 fo”k; fnysys vkgsr ;k ijh{k.kkP;k dkekf’kok; vkf.k vWDVP;k ‘ksM;qy 1 uqlkj funsZf’kr dsysY;k Iyku o ukWu &Iyku ;kstukaph ikg.kh dj.ks bR;knh dkes ftYgk ifj”knk djrhy izLrqr ‘kks/kfuca/kkP;k ek/;ekrwu ftYgk ifj”knk vkf.k laca/khr eq[; dk;Zdkjh vf/kdkjh ;kaph Hkqfedk o tokcnk&;kapk mgkiksg dj.;kpk iz;Ru dsysyk vkgs-

eq[; laKk% egkjk”V`] ftYgk ifj”kn] iapk;r lferh] eq[; dk;Zdkjh vf/kdkjh] iz’kklu] oS/kkfud drZO;s bR;knh 

SCHOLAR

Area of Article : लोकप्रशासन

Article Image

भारतीय नोकरशाहीची बांधिलकी आणि राजकीयकरण

डॉ. फोले संभाजी कोंडबाजी

ABSTRACT

आजच्या काळात मॅक्स वेबर यांची निःपक्ष व तटस्थ नोकरशाही संकल्पना पूर्णतः कालबाह्य झालेली आहे व नोकरशाहीची राजकीय क्षेत्रातील सक्रीयता आज साधारण बाब आहे. यालाच नोकरशाहीचे राजकीयीकरण असे म्हटले जाते. याचाच अर्थ राजकीय प्रवाह, मग तो सत्तारुढ पक्ष असो किंवा विरोधी पक्षीय, नोकरशाही यामध्ये गुंतलेली असते आणि प्रत्यक्ष-अप्रत्यक्ष किंवा जाते-अजाणतेपणाने या राजकीय प्रवाहाला प्रभावित करण्याचे किंवा त्याच्याकडून प्रभावित होण्याचे काम करीत असते. अन्य शब्दांत सांगायचे तर ही अशी नोकरशाही असते जी आपल्या व्यक्तिगत  किंवा सामुहिक उद्दिष्टांच्या पूर्तीसाठी राजकीय पक्षांचा उपयोग करीत असते किंवा राजकीय पक्ष आपल्या उद्दिष्टांच्या पुर्ततेसाठी या नोकरशाहीचा वापर करीत असतात. म्हणजेच नोकरशाहीची राजकीय पक्ष, विचारसरणी, कार्यक्रम इत्यादींसोबतची प्रत्यक्ष-अप्रत्यक्ष स्वरूपात संलग्नता ही असतेच आणि नोकरशाहीच्या तटस्थ म्हणवल्या जाणाऱ्या  व्यवहारावर या संलग्नतेची छाप पडतेच. द्विवेदी आणि जैन यांनी नोकरशाहीच्या या राजकीयीकरणाच्या  आधारावर नोकरशाहीची चार मोठया प्रकारांत विभागणी केली आहे